How to Cook the Perfect Steak video
Article from the American Cancer Society
Getting your family and friends together for a Barbeque is one of the perks of the season, but backyard chefs should beware: some research suggests that
cooking meats at very high temperatures creates chemicals (heterocyclic amines, or HAs) that may potentially increase cancer risk.
In fact, a study from the University of Minnesota found that eating charred, well-done meat on a regular basis may increase your risk of pancreatic cancer by up to 60%. Heterocyclic amines (HAs) are created by the burning of amino acids and other substances in meats cooked at particularly high temperatures and that are particularly well-done. HAs turn up in grilled and barbecued meat as well as broiled and pan-fried meat.
You don’t have to give up your grill to stay healthy. You just need to choose sensible foods and use the right techniques.
Choose lean cuts of meat and trim any excess fat. Fat dripping onto hot coals causes smoke that contains carcinogens. Less fat means less smoke.
Line the grill with foil and poke small holes in it so the fat can still drip off, but the amount of smoke coming back onto the meat is lower.
Avoid charring meat or eating parts that are especially burned and black – they have the highest concentrations of HAs.
End: Advice from the American Cancer Society.
How to Cook the Perfect Steak
Personally, I’ve never been a big fan of cooking a steak on a grill. To me, the charred and smoky end product masks the wonderful flavor of a perfectly cooked steak. Note: if/when you go to any top steakhouse in town, you can pretty much bet that they do not cook over an open flame barbecue. Most good steakhouses cook steaks and chops on stainless steel flat grills. Great steakhouses cook steaks individually, in a pan.
Tips for Chicken, Steaks and Chops
- Meat should be thawed in the refrigerator, then allowed to reach room temperature before cooking.
- Cut meat across the grain. If you’re not sure how to do this, consult your butcher.
- Inexpensive cuts of meat may be marinated to promote tenderness.
- When it comes to searing meat, the cut is not ready to be flipped if it is sticking to the pan.
- 1 pound of raw ground meat equals 2 cups of cooked meat.
- Turn meat with tongs. Turning with a fork or slicing to check for doneness allows flavor filled juices to run out of the meat.
- Let all meats (chicken, beef, lamb, pork, etc.) rest for 3-5 minutes after cooking, before cutting. This allow the juices to redistribute.
- I’m not a fan of meat thermometers, as piercing will allow juices to run out, but it is practical in some cases and helps in the learning process.
Induction Cooking provides a level of accuracy never before possible
- 1.Trim fat from meat. Less fat means less splatter and smoke
- 2.Select a skillet that the steak will nearly fill. Too large a pan will cause meat splatter to burn, creating possible carcinogens.
- 3.Sear the steak on high heat for 3-4 minutes per side until it releases easily from the pan 390°F (199°C) to 450°F (232°C). Searing brings the natural salts and sugars to the surface creating an intense salty-sweet flavor.
- 4.During the searing and cooking of steaks, chops and chicken, when you cook with the lid on the pan and the vent open (or lid ajar), the meat will cook quicker and be juicier. However, crowding the pan, or cooking at too low a temperature and covering, may cause the meat to steam. Practice makes perfect, and a good home chef learns to cook steak to a desired doneness with good equipment, correct temperatures, and proper techniques and by feel.
- 5.Because of the different texture, cuts and thickness of the meat, learning the feel of the desired doneness by pushing down on the center of a steak with a fork is by far the best method over attempting to time for doneness. These basic rules apply to cooking all meats when attempting to accomplish different stages of doneness (without cutting into the meat).
Doneness Test - To demonstrate, turn the palm of your left hand up and spread your fingers apart.
- Rare: Rest your left thumb against your left forefinger and press down on the soft fleshy part at the base of your left thumb with your right forefinger. That’s what rare feels like.
- Medium-Rare: Place your left thumb directly over your left forefinger and press down on the soft fleshy part at the base of your left thumb with your right forefinger. That’s what medium-rare feels like.
- Medium: Place your left thumb in between your left forefinger and left middle finger and press down on the soft fleshy part at the base of your left thumb with your right forefinger. That’s what medium feels like.
- Medium-Well: Place your left thumb directly over your left middle finger and press down on the soft fleshy part at the base of your left thumb with your right forefinger. That’s what medium-well feels like.
- Well-Done: Place your left thumb in between your left middle finger and left ring finger and press down on the soft fleshy part at the base of your left thumb with your right forefinger. That’s what well-done feels like.